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Oedema in cows

Acute Bovine Pulmonary Emphysema and Edema - Respiratory

Cow udder edema: causes, symptoms, treatment and

  1. This is a loosely defined term given to swelling of one or more legs seen in cattle at sea. Swollen legs are generally the result of accidental injury with or without secondary bacterial infection. Swollen legs and lameness represent one of the most common conditions affecting cattle during export voyages
  2. ation by soil, allowing entry of the clostridia. Deep puncture wounds, castration wounds and calving injuries are high risk. Infection can also occur via the umbilicu
  3. A smelly infection of the foot, which generally occurs high between the claws or toes, is referred to as foot rot. This results mainly from an infection caused by the bacterium Fusiformis necrophorus. The organism may buildup in barnyards, exercise lots, mud-holes, and pastures. Cattle with foot rot show lameness, usually on one leg only
  4. We had a cow develop swelling in her jaw. We tried everything we tried wormer, we thought bottle jaw so we lanced it and gave her antibiotics after a couple weeks this didnt work and it swelled back up huge. So we took her to the vet. He looked at it took a scalpel and poked a BIG hole in it and left it open so it could drain

A cow with three quarters will give almost as much milk as a cow with four, however, because the other three compensate. The calf nurses more often, and this stimulates those quarters to produce more milk. Older cows with large, pendulous udders are most at risk for bruising, injury or damage that might result in mastitis The swelling went down after about 4 weeks, so we guessed it was a snake bite. Hopefully she won't do the same thing this summer! On the topic about no show neighbors, 2 of our neighbors calves made their way into our pasture the summer before last, and one of our cows nursed them and her calf all summer Symptons of Brisket Disease Cattle above 6,000 ft. are most at risk of brisket disease - also known as mountain sickness, pulmonary hypertension and dropsy - and incidence increases with increasing elevation. In Wyoming and Colorado, for instance, many cattle go to summer pasture at elevations above 9,000 ft

Blackleg or Blackquarter or Clostridial myositis is an acute infectious disease of ruminants caused by Clostridium chauvoei and characterized by emphysematous swelling, usually in the bulky muscles, severe toxemia, and high mortality rate. The disease is acute, febrile, highly fatal in cattle and sheep Udder edema can be a major discomfort to the buffalo and cow and causes management problems such as difficulty with milking, increased risk for teat and udder injuries, and mastitis, and may also reduce milk production Most ranchers recognize that most of lameness problems in cattle occur in the foot. One of the most critical evaluations that a rancher can make regarding a lame animal is to address the question: Is the affected foot swollen? This is important because the diseases that cause visible swelling in the foo

cow was came across my visit in saunkhor area on 30th december 2010. swelling was prominent sothat it attracted me to investigate. owner told that cow is nor.. Sometimes the presence of edema of the udder can signal that magnesium and potassium are in excess in the body of cows. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that in the daily diet of the animal in moderate amounts there is food containing bacteria toxins and microtoxins Bacteria are often present in the mouth of cattle. As a result, anything puncturing the mouth tissue can open the way for infection, which can lead to lump jaw. According to Salmon, ID, veterinarian Robert Cope, there are two kinds of lump jaw; each is caused by two different types of bacteria and require different treatment Trauma and/or nerve damage round out most of the common causes of lameness in most cattle. Mature cows and bulls can develop bad cracks, corkscrew and other hoof deformities as well as interdigital.. Lameness in cattle is a serious economic problem. There are many causes for lameness. It is important that the problem be diagnosed correctly and treated quickly to minimise economic losses, said Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian

Vet Rec. 1991 Oct 26;129(17):392. doi: 10.1136/vr.129.17.392 Most cows experience some edema prior to calving due to hormonal and physiological changes, which take place prior to calving. Increasing pressure, caused by fetal growth, results in a restriction of blood and lymph flow away from the udder in late pregnancy. This occurs concurrently with an increased blood flow to the udder cows with hay or other feed before a grazing transition. The goal of preventative management is to provide a more gradual adaptation to the lush forage in the new pasture. Besides feeding hay, limiting cow access to the new pasture for the first few days will aid the adaptation process. This may mean daily moving cows onto and off the pasture Udder edema is common in high-producing dairy cattle (especially heifers) before and after parturition. Predisposing causes include age at first calving (older heifers are at greater risk), gestation length, genetics, nutritional management, obesity, and lack of exercise during the precalving period

However, cattle may die from heart failure without ever showing signs of swelling of the brisket; it depends on how fast the disease develops. Dr. Joe Neary of the Department of Animal and Food Sciences at Texas Tech University studied heart failure in cattle for his doctoral degree at CSU under the guidance of Drs. Holt and Frank Garry Udder edema is the accumulation of fluid in the udder and sometimes also in the cow's belly. Some edema is normal around calving time. But, excessive edema will make milking more difficult and can do permanent damage by breaking down udder supports. Incomplete removal of milk at milking time may result in lower milk yield for the lactation Udder Edema in Dairy Cows. Udder edema is also known as caked udder, is mostly a disease of dairy cattle, is usually acute characterised by an excessive accumulation of fluid in the interstitial tissue spaces. Udder edema usually occurs at the time of parturition ,sometimes developing to a serious degree before parturition occurs (Joshi et al. The cattle were being fed oaten hay from hay feeders in a paddock, with access to sparse pasture - this property was also affected by long term drought. On examination, the affected cows were found to have 5-15cm diameter granulomatous lesions in the submandibular region. Two cows also had moderate swelling of the caudal tongue

Veterinary handbook for cattle, sheep and goats > Disease

Soft tissue swellings immediately cranial to the udder are most common in lactating dairy cattle (Figure 8-2), whereas extreme swelling in the escutcheon region ventral to the vulva and dorsal to the rear quarters is more common in dry cows . The swelling may be fluctuant, soft, or firm, depending on the amount of blood causing the distention. The cow is dull and depressed, and walks slowly. There are accumulations of subcutaneous fluid under the brisket and mandible (bottle jaw). Large accumulations of subcutaneous fluid under the brisket and mandible. Considerable brisket oedema in this cow with septic pericarditis. Differential diagnoses. Your veterinary surgeon will carefully.

Four animals became sick over a 4-month period with the following symptoms: oedema of vulvae and femoral muscles (all the sick cows died, 16% of the herd after 3-4 days). Clostridium novyi A was isolated in a pure culture from muscle samples (the isolates produced lethal α and γ, ε toxins and two haemolysins). Top of page Pulmonary oedema is a common sign of East Coast fever (ECF, Theileria parva infection) of cattle. A trial was conducted on farms in Uganda to compare a product containing both the antitheilerial compound parvaquone and the diuretic compound frusemide with one containing only parvaquone, in the treatment of ECF Causes Of Udder Oedema In Dairy Cows. May 17, 2020 - by Wandi - Leave a Comment. Farm health animal and farm health animal and tary cation anion difference dcad cow udders 101 how to care for them diseases of the teats and udder. Preventing Udder Edema In Your Dairy Cows A cow is systematically ill during acute laminitis. Inflammation of the corium is evident. The cow is prone to recurrences if the metabolic insults persist. The major local clinical signs in addition to intense pain include some swelling and temperatures that are slightly warmer than normal above the coronary band in the soft tissue area

Based on clinical symptoms, mastitis in cattle are six types: Clinical Mastitis. The mastitis of a cow that produces the clinical signs like redness, swelling, hot, and painful udder changes the color and odor of milk, reduced milk production, and hardening of the udder. Sub-clinical Mastitis Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is a highly contagious, infectious respiratory disease that is caused by Bovine Herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). It can affect young and older cattle. In addition to causing respiratory disease, this virus can cause conjunctivitis, abortions, encephalitis, and generalised systemic infections Tetanus is a fairly common disease occurring in all types of livestock. It is relatively rare in cattle, but outbreaks of disease can cause very severe losses. Cause. Tetanus is caused by toxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. This bacterium is found in the soil and the guts of animals and humans

Maximize cow comfort (comfortable bedding, exercise area): this will result in better overall health and may help to reduce udder oedema. Reducing the risk of infections during calving. Prevent udder oedema: oedema compromises the blood flow and immune function in the udder thus increasing the risk of mastitis The problem is I have two calves that have swollen joints. They have not been stepped on, and are really sick. Pretty sure they are running a fever, but don't have an animal thermometer. Calf ONE: Has a swollen knee joint in the front, and a swollen hock, same side. Calf TWO: Has two swollen knee joints, and a hock joint that is swollen Udder edema in a cow is one of the most common problems experienced by many experienced farmers. Naturally, it is possible to observe udder swelling in cows for various diseases, but most often such a consequence occurs after calving, so in this article we will examine in detail what actions need to be taken so that this disease is not observed in cattle and how to properly treat cattle

Udder Oedema In Cows - All About Cow Photo

The article describes an outbreak of malignant oedema in a herd of 5 Limousin cows. It was the first outbreak of this kind noted in Poland. The infection developed in cows that had undergone difficult parturition with retained placenta and were in poor condition after being treated unsuccessfully with Oxyvet (tetracycline). Four animals became sick over a 4-month period with the following.. Bloat in Beef Cattle March 2012 Bloat is a form of indigestion marked by excessive accumulation of gas in the rumen. Immediately after cattle consume a meal, the digestive process creates gases in the rumen. Most of the gases are eliminated by eructation (belching) It is a method most used and most recommended by the majority of cattle producers. 1) Insert the Frick tube into the animal's mouth. Go in by nudging into the corners of the mouth to get the animal to open its mouth. Don't really force the tube in, but only go in so much until the animal starts swallowing the tube In cattle, OTA is rapidly degraded in the rumen and thus thought to be of little consequence unless consumed by young pre-ruminant calves (Sreemannarayana et al., 1988). With high-grain diets, less of the dietary ochratoxin may be degraded in the rumen and thus be more toxic in those situations (Hohler, et al., 1999).. My cow started swelling under neck and chest. I have a 14 year old cow with a 2 week old calf on her. Over. I have a 14 year old cow with a 2 week old calf on her. Over night she developed a large round swelling on her left side in her flank area. She also read more. : Question #1: Have a cow down who is otherwise healthy

  1. The most commonly used blackleg vaccine in cattle is the 7 way cattle vaccine type which protects against all species of Clostridium bacteria such as: Clostridium chauveoi (blackleg), Clostridium septicum and Clostridium sordelli (malignant oedema), Clostridium novyi (black disease), and three types of Clostridium perfringens (enterotoxemia)
  2. Re: Swollen hocks on show steer. « Reply #4 on: May 12, 2010, 02:23:38 AM ». Swelling on the hocks is most commonly caused by a stucture problem. The body inserts extra fluid in the joints to reduce pain and friction. Though relatively sound, he probably has a slight problem that has caused this
  3. Cow has swelling in legs and weight lost.discharge from nose and mouth, heavy breathing, lost a calf a month ago, - Answered by a verified Large Animal Vet. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website
  4. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the twenty-one major types of cattle diseases. The types are: 1. Amphistomiasis 2. Anthrax 3. Black Quarters 4. Calf Disptheria 5. Coccoidiosis 6. Contagious Bovine Pleuro-Pneumonia 7. Cow Pox 8. Diarrhoea 9. Dysentery 10. Foot and Mouth Disease 11. Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) 12. Johne's Disease 13. Mastitis 14. Milk [
  5. Foot Rot in Cattle. Foot rot is a sub-acute or acute necrotic (decaying) infectious disease of cattle, causing swelling and lameness in at least one foot. This disease can cause severe lameness and decreased weight gain or milk production. A three-year study reported that affected steers gained 2.3 pounds per day, while steers not affected.
  6. The shortest interval, estrus, marks the 24-hour period when the cow is the most fertile. These heat periods occur every 21 days. During estrus, the cow is influenced by increased levels of.
  7. ister are foreign to the animal's body.

The swelling of a leg of a cow in prolonged decubitus. This swelling is caused by obstruction of the venous outflow. Interference with the lymph circulation of an organ or area by proliferation of tumours in or around bile ducts. Inflammation or an allergic reaction In cattle, signs of Johne's disease include weight loss and diarrhea with normal appetite. Several weeks after the onset of diarrhea, a soft swelling may occur under the jaw. This intermandibular edema, or bottle jaw, is due to protein loss from the bloodstream into the digestive tract

Re: Large lump on cows neck. Usuallly those kind of lumps are abcesses but that one is bigger than most I have dealt with. If it is an abcess, you can stick a 1 1/2 inch, 18 gauge needle in the middle and if pus comes out then it needs to be cut open and drained Swelling around the lower jawbones may occur with wooden tongue. The bottle jaw may be confused with lumpy jaw, but the swelling is much softer. Wooden tongue occurs almost entirely in soft tissue. The tongue and lymph nodes of the head are commonly involved. The disease has a sudden onset, with the tongue becoming hard, swollen and painful Swelling may also be noticed effecting single or multiple joints in both calves and cows. Footrot is a common disease process that occurs in pasture cattle. Footrot is a bacterial infection of the foot that manifests itself with symmetric swelling encompassing the lower limb just above the hooves

Prevention and Control of Foot Problems in Dairy Cow

puncture of the swelling and demonstration of intestinal contents. (5). There are several way to surgical treatment of hernia which depended the size of hernial ring at the site, primary repair (Hernioraphy) a surgical treatment of simple hernia complete with sutures sited in a straight line in th Udder Edema in advance Pregnant Jersey Cow. Udder edema is the accumulation of fluid in the udder and sometimes also in the cow's belly. Some edema is normal around calving time. But, excessive edema will make milking more difficult and can do permanent damage by breaking down udder supports. Incomplete removal of milk at milking time may. Polioencephalomalacia (PE) is a disease caused by vitamin B1 deficiency in ruminants like cattle, sheep and goats, often triggered by a change in feed that leads to a reduction in the amount of thiamine or vitamin B1 in the rumen. The signs include blindness, dullness, aimless wandering. It's important to get the animal treated as soon as the. Cattle occasionally swallow foreign material such as pieces of wire chopped up by a baler. Hardware disease in cattle occurs when a sharp object penetrates the gut lining and damages some other organ or creates peritonitis (infection within the abdomen) 11 min read. Vaccination programs for beef cattle herds are designed to protect the animals from diseases caused by infectious organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and protozoans. Vaccines stimulate an animal's immune system to produce a protective response against an organism. The immune system will then remember how to produce a.

Cow with swelling under her jaw

Diarrhea in a cow or goby can indicate many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as poisoning or infectious diseases. Treatment of the animal will depend on the results of the tests, but when the first signs of diarrhea appear, measures must be taken to prevent dehydration. Causes of udder swelling in a cow . October 23, 2019. Some cattle may become emaciated with bottle- jaw (a soft swelling under the jaw) and advance to a downer stage, becoming unable to rise. In many cases, the cattle may die. Producers can prevent or minimize health problems in the fall and winter by reducing the stresses caused by inadequate nutrition, sudden feeding changes and poor.

Practical care for mastitis in beef cows - Progressive Cattl

  1. Occasionally cattle react to vaccine. An allergic reaction can be mild and local, with swelling at the injection site. But if the animal goes into anaphylactic shock, it can be serious and even fatal. Vaccines contain antigens that are foreign to the body
  2. Udder Swelling in dairy cows (Mastitis) Inflammation of the mammary gland or udder is called mastitis. This inflammation is characterized by abnormal secretion of milk that contain pus, blood and will have different color than normal milk, it will also contain clots, flakes and the consistency will also be changed
  3. Acute renal failure and perirenal oedema has been described in cattle, pigs, horses and sheep associated with the ingestion of A. hybridus L. and A. retroflexus L. This perirenal oedema syndrome.
  4. SWELLING ON THE DEWLAP. To the Editor: I have a cow that has a large lump at the point of the breastbone, the dewlap, I think you call it. This lump is as large as a cocoanut, and was caused, I think, by friction against a low manger in eating. What ought to be done
  5. In beef cattle, a prolonged delivery is the most common cause. For this reason, the best prevention of a uterine prolapse is early intervention when a heifer or cow is having difficulty calving. Uterine prolapses are an emergency and need to be addressed by a veterinarian as soon as possible

Swollen Brisket/Down Cow CattleToda

A couple of weeks ago, I was lucky enough to find a great webinar revolving around lameness in cattle, dairy cows to be precise. Hosted by AHDB Dairy, it dealt with innovation in hoof care. Prof. Huxley focused on the lesions of claw horn disruption: sole ulcer, sole haemorrhage, and white line disease. Great review malignant oedema -wounds, especially in females associated with recent birthing pulpy kidney - lush pastures, heavy grain feeding and a sudden change in feeding botulism - cattle grazing land deficient in protein and phosphorous without adequate supplementation

Massive abdominal wall swelling near the udder in a

Hair loss, swelling and skin abrasion have been noted in other regions of the body such as the neck, the back and the area around the hook bones. Neck injuries have been associated with poorly located feed rails at the feedbunk caused by cows applying pressure to access feed or incorrectly located tie rails in tiestalls In Practice is published 10 times a year and provides continuing educational material for veterinary practitioners. It includes clinical articles, written by experts in their field and covering all species, providing a regular update on clinical developments, and articles on veterinary practice management. All articles are peer-reviewed Don't Forget Tetanus Prevention when Banding Bulls! March 21 2018. March 21, 2018. - Michelle Arnold, DVM (Ruminant Extension Veterinarian, UKVDL), University of Kentucky. In the United States, more than 17 million bulls are castrated yearly that range in age from 1 day to 1 year-old. Tetanus (Clostridium tetani infection) is a potentially.

Brisket Disease In Cattle Beef Magazin

  1. imal shifts can be related to environmental stresses and the reproductive cycle
  2. Pericoronitis is an infection and swelling of the gums that occurs when a wisdom tooth fails to come in or only partially erupts. Mild symptoms include painful, swollen gum tissue around the.
  3. A lot of my cows now have a baggy area under their jaws due to oedema brought about by liver fluke infestation. The oedema disappeared after treatment. Although I lost a cow to liver fluke, there was no marked change in the behaviour of the others in terms of condition, eating etc. but there would have been had it gone on for long enough
  4. Cattle should eat about one-fourth of a pound of the mixture daily. Wait until early spring grass growth reaches 8-10 in. before grazing. Graze grass-legume pastures first in the spring. Cases of grass tetany are seldom seen when legumes are included in pastures. Graze heifers, stockers, and dry cows on high-risk pasture
  5. ent. Changes that are gradually seen are udder development, or making bag, and the relaxation and swelling of the vulva or springing. These indicate the cow is due to calve in the near future

The cow should be able to urinate through the stitches. Near-term cows should be monitored regularly for signs of calving, as the stitches will need to be removed to prevent calving difficulty. Once the cow has given birth, the increased abdominal pres-sure that caused the prolapse will no longer exist, so the stitches will no longer be needed Cattle are conditioned to keep moving or assisted by inserting papaya leaf stems through the anus. 2. Give warm vinegar as much as 150 - 300 mL. Cattle must keep moving or assisted by inserting papaya leaf stems through the anus. 3. 200 ml castor oil. Cattle must keep moving or assisted by inserting papaya leaf stems through the anus. 4 Cattle pink eye is different from human pink eye and is much more severe. Pink eye in cattle is most commonly caused by a bacterium called Moraxella bovis. This microbe uses tiny hair like structures to attach to the white part, (or conjunctiva), of the eye and cause damage. It is spread by flies, which feed on eye secretions mostly in the.

Blackleg in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment

  1. ants caused by M. paratuberculosis. This bacteria embeds itself in the wall of the lower part of the small intestine known as the ileum. As an immune response, infected tissues attempt to regenerate healthy tissue which leads to visible thickening of the intestines
  2. When a cow is assisted, both the cow and the calf must be marked for culling. Enlarging of the udder, loosening of the ligaments around the tail root and oedema (swelling) of the vulva are signs that a cow is nearing the time to calve down (parturition). Cows often move away from the main herd as they near parturition. Some cows, especiall
  3. The naked eye can detect the signs and symptoms of clinical mastitis. A cow who has mastitis will show swelling, redness, inflammation, or a harness to the udders. You may also notice that the cow isn't eating as much, has a sensitivity to her udders when touched, or that the udders are hot to the touch..
  4. Photosensitivity in Cattle. This condition is primarily caused by compounds in the blood that react with sunlight, causing damage to the skin. There are 4 categories of photosensitisation (PS), however most clinical cases are seen to be caused by the same category (Type III). PS occurs when skin (especially areas exposed to light and lacking.
  5. Foot rot in cattle showing severe swelling of one foot extending to the dewclaws. Photo: Supplied/ARC/Hunt & Behrens inc Foot rot can also be caused by the presence of other common bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , and Actinomyces pyogenes (bacteria found on the skin of cows)
  6. Systemic disease swollen calf causes. Calf swelling may occur due to systemic diseases, such as the following. Organ failure: A wide range of effects, including swelling in the calf, can occur when the organs such as the kidney, heart, and liver begin to fail. Vascular: Swelling can occur when blood is ineffectively pumped throughout the body. Such a condition can lead to swelling through.
Conjunctivitis

Swollen hock in cattle - Answered by a verified Large Animal Vet We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them There are three main groups: Flunixine (Banamine was the original and now there are many generics). Ketoprofen similar to human ibuprofen with the trade name Anafen. Meloxicam (trade name Metacam). This product has a huge market for treating small-animal arthritis and is the most recent one to be approved in large animals INTRODUCTION. The welfare of a dairy cow has a direct effect on her production ability (von Keyserlingk et al., 2009).Udder edema is common in Holstein dairy operations, with 66% of cows having udder edema at least once (Morrison et al., 2018).Recent research investigating the welfare of animals with udder edema is sparse A long necked 12 ounce bottle. Here's what you'll do: Mix half the box of baking soda with the vegetable oil or water. Decant the mixture into the 12 ounce bottle. With one hand, secure the cow's head. With the other, slip the bottle into the gap between the cow's front teeth and her back teeth • Cattle and water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are the principal hosts of hemorrhagic septicaemia, and it is widely considered that buffaloes are the most susceptible. These species, as well as • Characteristic necropsy lesions (oedema, wide spread congestion/ haemorrhages on vital organs

Connective tissue oedema (arrows) seen in the corium ofActinomycosis

Cattle diagnosed with bovine foot rot were enrolled and treated with a single subcutaneous dose of DRAXXIN (2.5 mg/kg BW) or an equivalent volume of saline. Cattle were clinically evaluated 7 days after treatment for treatment success, which was based on defined decreases in lesion, swelling, and lameness scores. In both studies, the treatment. Calf losses at calving time are often a result of dystocia (difficult calving) problems. Many of these losses occur to calves born to first calf heifers and can be prevented if the heifers and cows are watched closely and the dystocia problems detected and corrected early. A veterinarian should handle serious and complicated calving problems

Macroscopic, Radiographic and Histopathologic Changes of

Edema, also spelled oedema, and also known as fluid retention, dropsy, hydropsy and swelling, is the build-up of fluid in the body's tissue. Most commonly, the legs or arms are affected. Symptoms may include skin which feels tight, the area may feel heavy, and affected joints may be hard to move. Other symptoms depend on the underlying cause Cattle, sheep and horses can be affected. • Chronic poisoning occurs in cattle. It is cause by on-going consumption or inhalation of dry plant material. Clinical signs that would lead a producer to suspect pimelea poisoning include the following: • Chronic diarrhoea. • Loss of condition, poor appetite. • Rough coat Malignant oedema is a clostridial disease that more commonly affects sheep but also goats and cattle. It results from infection of wounds with certain clostridial organisms (Cl.chauvoei, Cl.novyi or Cl.septicum), which cause local swelling and discolouration. General toxaemia and death of the animal occurs within days Mastitis cases can be smouldering during the long period beef cows are dry (not raising a calf) and flare up right at calving. Mastitis or inflammation of the mammary gland results in swelling in the infected quarter together with heat and soreness. Affected cows may have a guarded walk because of the pain

Endoscopy in cattle with left abomasal displacementMycotoxins in pig feed | ActivePro GuideFolltropin® Powder Injection | Vetoquinol UK

Oedema is an accumulation of interstitial fluid. The volume of fluid in the interstitial space is normally kept constant at around 20% of body weight.Normally leakage from capillaries and lymphatic drainage keep this in balance. However, a number of different pathological processes can disturb the balance, causing an excess of fluid to collect Increased rain can cause lameness in cattle. The most common cause of lameness in beef cattle after rains is foot rot, a serious infection that starts between the toes of cattle that can spread and cause swelling, severe lameness and even kill the tissue between the toes. To successfully treat foot rot requires a proper diagnosis and timely. Symptoms. The clinical symptoms of bacterial meningitis depend on the stage of infection. Initially, calves tend to be depressed and have a high temperature. These signs rapidly progress to more classic signs associated with inflammation and fluid build-up (oedema) around the brain; i.e. rigidity of the neck, blindness, hyperaesthesia. Inspect the cattle closely for two weeks after castration. With latex bands, the scrotum should drop off within seven weeks after castration. Look for swelling, signs of infection, tetanus and abnormal gait. Treat wounds as needed